6.4. Regexp Findall, Finditer

6.4.1. About

  • re.findall()

  • re.finditer()

6.4.2. Examples

Usage of re.findall() and re.finditer():

import re

PATTERN = r'[A-Z]{2,10}-[0-9]{1,6}'
DATA = 'MYPROJ-1337, MYPROJ-997 removed obsolete comments'

re.findall(PATTERN, DATA)
# ['MYPROJ-1337', 'MYPROJ-997']

Finding All Adverbs:

import re

TEXT = 'He was carefully disguised but captured quickly by police.'
ADVERBS = r'\w+ly'

re.findall(ADVERBS, TEXT)
# ['carefully', 'quickly']

6.4.3. Assignments

Code 6.7. Solution
* Assignment: Regexp Find Dates
* Complexity: easy
* Lines of code: 2 lines
* Time: 5 min
* References: :cite:`RegexpWikipediaApollo11`

    1. Use data from "Given" section (see below)
    2. Using regular expressions find dates in US format (example: "April 12, 1961")
    3. Run doctests - all must succeed

    1. Użyj danych z sekcji "Given" (patrz poniżej)
    2. Używając wyrażeń regularnych wyszukaj dat w formacie US (przykład: "April 12, 1961")
    3. Uruchom doctesty - wszystkie muszą się powieść

    >>> import sys; sys.tracebacklimit = 0

    >>> result  # doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
    ['October 4, 1957',
     'April 12, 1961',
     'May 5, 1961',
     'May 25, 1961',
     'September 12, 1962',
     'September 12, 1962']

# Given
import re

TEXT = """In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the United States was engaged in the Cold War, a geopolitical rivalry with the Soviet Union. On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite. This surprise success fired fears and imaginations around the world. It demonstrated that the Soviet Union had the capability to deliver nuclear weapons over intercontinental distances, and challenged American claims of military, economic and technological superiority. This precipitated the Sputnik crisis, and triggered the Space Race. President Dwight D. Eisenhower responded to the Sputnik challenge by creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and initiating Project Mercury, which aimed to launch a man into Earth orbit. But on April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person in space, and the first to orbit the Earth. Nearly a month later, on May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space, completing a 15-minute suborbital journey. After being recovered from the Atlantic Ocean, he received a congratulatory telephone call from Eisenhower's successor, John F. Kennedy. Since the Soviet Union had higher lift capacity launch vehicles, Kennedy chose, from among options presented by NASA, a challenge beyond the capacity of the existing generation of rocketry, so that the US and Soviet Union would be starting from a position of equality. A crewed mission to the Moon would serve this purpose. On May 25, 1961, Kennedy addressed the United States Congress on "Urgent National Needs" and declared: I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade [1960s] is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish. We propose to accelerate the development of the appropriate lunar space craft. We propose to develop alternate liquid and solid fuel boosters, much larger than any now being developed, until certain which is superior. We propose additional funds for other engine development and for unmanned explorations—explorations which are particularly important for one purpose which this nation will never overlook: the survival of the man who first makes this daring flight. But in a very real sense, it will not be one man going to the Moon—if we make this judgment affirmatively, it will be an entire nation. For all of us must work to put him there. — Kennedy's speech to Congress On September 12, 1962, Kennedy delivered another speech before a crowd of about 40,000 people in the Rice University football stadium in Houston, Texas. A widely quoted refrain from the middle portion of the speech reads as follows: Kennedy, in a blue suit and tie, speaks at a wooden podium bearing the seal of the President of the United States. Vice President Lyndon Johnson and other dignitaries stand behind him. President John F. Kennedy speaking at Rice University on September 12, 1962 There is no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in outer space as yet. Its hazards are hostile to us all. Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for peaceful cooperation may never come again. But why, some say, the Moon? Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask, why climb the highest mountain? Why, 35 years ago, fly the Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas? We choose to go to the Moon! We choose to go to the Moon ... We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard; because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one we intend to win, and the others, too."""  # noqa

result = ...